“A people without knowledge of their past history, origin, and culture is like a tree without roots.”
Born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica on August 17th, 1887, Marcus Mosiah Garvey was a student of law and philosophy. He learned from the likes of Duse Ali Muhammad and Toussaint Louverture. He learned that Carthage and Egypt were Black civilizations who ruled the world for centuries prior to european colonization.
Garvey was clear on the realities of our existence and our inability to coexist in peace and harmony so long as inequalities persist. His analysis on race assimilation stipulated that the white race will never be prepared to organize in any extent an assimilation with the Black race because in doing so, they would be committing racial suicide. Assimilation is not profitable for them; it directly impacts their ability to maintain their current position as world leaders. Therefore, Garvey acknowledged and endorsed Black owned initiatives. He knew and understood that in order for the Black race to survive and prevail, it would require creating endemic sustainability that would uplift Blacks “from his low state” of begging and praying to the highest human standards which would lead to our progress and evolution of a higher standard of life, liberty, industrially, educationally, socially and politically. Garvey escaped the assassin’s bullet, but not his prison and his well known tactics of defamation. Garvey died from a stroke on June 10th, 1940, but his teachings continue to enlighten the minds of the Black race around the world.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey’s Contributions and Achievements:
1. Advocated Pan-African Nationalism, Black pride and the Black man’s repatriation to Abyssinia
2. Founder and President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (U.N.I.A.) - 1912. The association had over 6 million members across a minimum of 40 countries
3. Published the Negro World newspaper in several languages as means to elevate and awaken the sleeping giant - 1918
4. The Black Star Line - 1919 a. A shipping company created to assist in building a free city in Liberia that would stand against western influences. Ships were also a means for Blacks to repatriate to Africa.
5. Tried his own case - United States of America vs. Marcus Garvey - 1923
6. Paved the way for many, many, African Nationalists and Black Activists to date.
Source: The Philosophy & Opinions of Marcus Garvey Or, Africa for the Africans, 1986, by Tony Martin. MN